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Fox Squirrel

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Fox Squirrel (Sciurus niger), near the La Villita shops in San Antonio, Texas.

This is the largest of the tree squirrels. Other names for the fox squirrel include Sherman's fox squirrel, mangrove fox squirrel, cat squirrel, and stump-eared squirrel. The fox squirrel is usually reddish brown in color and has a lighter color belly. The back and sides can appear brown and gray. There are three color phases for this squirrel: gray over yellow, reddish brown and black. Variations include white markings on the face, tip of tail, ears and nose. The tail makes up half of the squirrel's total length and is bushy with a mix of hair color. Fox squirrels range from 18 to 27 inches in length, and the tail can grow to be from eight to 13 inches long. Scientific classification:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Rodentia
  • Suborder: Sciurognathi
  • Family: Sciuridae
  • Subfamily: Sciurinae
  • Genus: Sciurus
  • Species: Sciurus niger